miércoles, 8 de julio de 2009

Drug effects.MDMA (ecstasy)

In 1912 the company accidentally isolated Merck MDMA (3,4-metilendioximetanfeta-mine), finding no one specific medical application, abandoned their research labs. Between 1953 and 1954 the U.S. army took over the investigations. Although the first biological data on them were published until 1973, it was not until the 80s when people like the American chemist Alexander Shulguin, brought back to public light. In his own words: "rescue this substance at the suggestion of a friend. The tried and wrote about it in medical journals. I discovered that he had remarkable therapeutic benefits. At one point represented the emergence of a new family of agents that allow the individual emotional content to express and experience repressed by cultural barriers. " (15) The MDMA gained great popularity among the underground culture in California and among the clientele of the nightclub. Sellers, in a marketing action, the renamed the ecstasy. In 1985, the U.S. government declared this illegal substance even though many scientists argue that on its surface properties to repressed thoughts and memories.


Today, known throughout the world as Ecstasy or XTC, MDMA is also sold under the following headings: In United States: E, Adam Euphoria or in Mexico: Tacha in Spain: Delfín, Pasti, Pajarito, sun, tulip, Star .
Effects of Ecstasy on the body

Physical and psychological symptoms:

Many of the problems faced by users of ecstasy are similar to the effects produced by amphetamines and cocaine. The most notable are:

Psychological difficulties such as confusion, depression, problems sleeping, wants to consume drugs or dependence, severe anxiety and paranoia, either while under the influence of drugs or sometimes even weeks after consumption (including in some cases have been reported episodes of psychosis).

Physical symptoms that occur include muscle tension, tighten the teeth and jaw involuntarily, nausea, blurred vision, rapid eye movement, faintness and chills or sweating. You can also see an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, which represents a greater risk for people with heart or circulatory conditions.

For some it is rewarding its effect, produces a feeling of strength, increasing physical activity and sensitivity, others say it facilitates communication. The dance is nervous, with exaggerated movements. Increases blood pressure and often produces tachycardia and palpitations, it is dangerous for the heart. The temperature rises, burning inside, and in a closed environment without ventilation, non-stop moving, you can rent the kidney. especially if you do not take enough fluid, the liver can fail.

Most commonly, the pill that nervous-making, and often problems occur, anything you can tolerate.

Side Effects

While this drug has immediate effects also have side effects that may even last up to 8 days after being consumed.

One of the most common side effects are depression, exhaustion, dehydration, stress and fainting.

The structure and the effects of ecstasy are similar to those producing methamphetamine, which has been causing the deterioration of neurons containing the neurotransmitter dopamine. Damage to neurons containing dopamine, is the cause of motor failures that are observed in patients suffering from Parkinson disease. The symptoms of this disease begin with lack of coordination and tremors, and could result in a kind of paralysis.

This long period can produce various brain diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson and more related to loss of neurons or neurotrasmisores.

Another effect is that produces nervous tics, without wishing to move the mouth, face, neck and gnashed their teeth, leaving grimaces.

With the tablets are believed to control everything, but reality tells us that lower reflexes and attention are confusing things are, and under this condition is very dangerous to drive, there are too many accidents.

The effect of the pill can last up to 8 hours, more or less, but the next day there is depression, headaches, and even can be so weak that the consumer can not be lifted out of bed.